Flash Player
Travel Health News
Print
 

Travel Health News Digest (1 October 2013 - 7 October 2013)

Advice for pilgrims visiting Mecca, Saudi Arabia (Hajj)

Pilgrims are advised to note the followings:

  1. Vaccination against meningitis

  2. The Saudi Arabia government requires all pilgrims on entry to produce a certificate of vaccination against the meningococcal disease using the quadrivalent vaccine (serogroups A, C, W135 and Y). The certificate should be not more than 3 years and not less than 10 days before arrival.

     

  3. Vaccination against seasonal influenza

  4. The Saudi Ministry of Health recommends that international pilgrims be vaccinated against seasonal influenza before arrival into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, particularly those at increased risk of severe influenza diseases, including pregnant women, children under 5 years, the elderly, and individuals with underlying health conditions such as HIV/AIDS, asthma, and chronic heart or lung diseases.

     

  5. Be Vigilant against Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

  6. Travellers should take note of MERS-CoV (formerly known as novel coronavirus). Most of the cases reported to date originated or returned from the Middle East and subsequently became ill. The most common symptoms observed include fever, cough, and breathing difficulties. Approximately half of the patients have died.

    In view of the severity and possibility of spread of the illness among human through close contact, if you are travelling to the Middle East for vacation or pilgrimage, please observe personal and environmental hygiene strictly at all times such as avoiding undercooked meats, raw fruits and vegetables, unless they have been peeled, or unsafe water. Travellers should also avoid direct contact with animals, birds, poultry or sick people during the journey and should wear face masks in crowded places.

    Pilgrims should be reminded that pre-existing major medical conditions can increase the likelihood of medical problems, including MERS-CoV infection, during travel; thus, pilgrims should consult a health care provider before travelling to review the risk and assess whether making the pilgrimage is medically advisable. For further advice from the Saudi Ministry of Health, please see ( http://www.moh.gov.sa/en/Hajj/Pages/HealthRegulations.aspx )

    Travellers who develop symptoms during travel or up to 14 days after their return from affected areas should put on face masks, seek medical attention and inform doctor of their travel history. Before departure, if you feel unwell, such as having fever, sore throat, muscle pain or cough, you are advised to seek medical attention and delay the trip until recovery. For further information on MERS, please visit Centre for Health Protection (CHP) website (http://www.chp.gov.hk)。

     

  7. Other infectious diseases

  8. Updating immunization against vaccine-preventable diseases in all travellers is strongly recommended. With the recent resurgence of measles and rubella cases, special attention is needed for both of these vaccines to avoid widespread outbreaks with this virus during Hajj and Umra this year.

    Men are required to shave their heads after Hajj, and unclean blades can transmit disease. Male pilgrims should go to officially designated centers to be shaved, where barbers are licensed and use disposable, single-use blades.

     

  9. Food hygiene

  10. Fresh food carried by visitors and pilgrims are banned and not allowed into the country. Only properly canned food in very small amount which is enough for one person to the end of his or her trip is allowed. In addition, diarrhea is common during Hajj, so eat only food that is cooked and served hot and drink only beverages from sealed containers.

     

  11. Injury

  12. Try to avoid the most densely congested areas and always be aware of the location of emergency exits. Pilgrims can perform rituals during non-peak hours to avoid crowds.

     

  13. Heat stroke

  14. Temperatures in Mecca can exceed 37.8 ºC (100°F) in October. Heat exhaustion and heatstroke are leading causes of illness during Hajj. Pilgrims should drink plenty of water (bottled), wear sunscreen, rest, and seek shade as much as possible. Symptoms of heat-related illness can include profuse sweating, chills, headache, dizziness or confusion, and nausea. Travelers who develop these symptoms should move to a cool area and seek medical attention.

     

  15. Observe personal and environmental hygiene strictly at all times. For more information, please read the section on Travel Health Advice.
  16.  

(Source: World Health Organization, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention & Ministry of Hajj, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia)

 

Take precautions against dengue fever when travelling abroad

Dengue fever is an endemic disease in most Southeast Asian countries including Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam and the Philippines. Travellers visiting these places are advised to protect themselves against mosquitoes all year round.

The recent dengue fever activity in Asia has been more severe than that of last year. Various popular tourist attractions among Hong Kong people including Thailand, Singapore, Taiwan and Indonesia, observed recent persistent increase in the number of dengue fever cases. Other neighbouring Asian countries such as Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, the Philippines, Pakistan and India, also recorded rising dengue fever activities.

Outbreaks of dengue fever were observed in Guangdong province in China, Brazil, Costa Rica, Columbia, Paraguay and the Dominican Republic this year. It was expected that dengue fever activities will continue to rise in coming months in Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean.

Travellers planning to travel in these areas should take precautions against the disease.

Cumulative reported number of dengue cases in 2013 *

 

Cumulative reported no. of cases in 2013

Source of information and
date of report

America
 North, Central & South


1,489,833


World Health Organization, 5 September 2013

Australia

1,351

World Health Organization, 2 October 2013

Cambodia

14,592

World Health Organization, 2 October 2013

China
  Guangdong province


296


Department of Health of Guangdong Province, 15 September 2013

India

38,179

Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, India, 30 September 2013

Lao PDR

41,837

World Health Organization, 2 October 2013

Malaysia

21,453

World Health Organization, 2

New Caledonia

10,534

World Health Organization, 2 October 2013

Philippines

117,658

World Health Organization, 2 October 2013

Singapore

17,107

Singapore National Environment Agency, 2 October 2013

Solomon Island

6,733

World Health Organization, 4 September 2013

Sri Lanka

24,701

Ministry of Health, Sri Lanka, 4 October 2013

Taiwan

359

CDC, ROC (Taiwan), 3 October 2013

Thailand

130,655

Ministry of Public Health, Thailand, 29 September 2013

Vietnam

35,699

World Health Organization, 2 October 2013

Remark:
* Dengue reporting systems vary by country.

Travellers should stay vigilant against dengue fever and adopt the following personal preventive measures against mosquito bite:

* Always wear long-sleeved clothing and trousers;
* Stay in air-conditioned residence or places with mosquito screens;
* If mosquito screen or air-conditioning is absent, aerosol insecticide and bed nets are advised;
* Use insect repellents containing DEET on exposed skin and clothing;
* Use insect repellents containing DEET apart from applying sunscreen while staying in beaches;
* Carry a portable bed nets and apply permethrin on it as well as to clothes if travelling to rural areas where dengue fever is prevalent.

Travellers returning from areas where dengue fever is prevalent should seek medical advice as soon as possible if they feel unwell and provide travel details to their doctors.

 

Mexico: Cholera [Update]

In Mexico, 79 cases of cholera have occurred and one person died from this disease.

(Source: ProMED-mail 6 October 2013)

 

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome [Update]

World Health Organization has been informed of an additional 6 new laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The patients are from Riyadh region with ages from 14 to 79 years old. Globally, from September 2012 to date, WHO has been informed of a total of 136 laboratory-confirmed cases of infection with MERS-CoV, including 58 deaths.

(Source: World Health Organization 4 October 2013)

 

Germany: Measles

In Germany, as of 11 September, there were 1 520 cases of measles. Most of them were reported in Bavaria, followed by Berlin.

(Source: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control 27 September 2013)

 

South Sudan: Poliomyelitis

An outbreak of Poliomyelitis was detected in South Sudan and 3 children were confirmed with the infection, 2 in Northern Bahr el Ghazal State and another in Eastern Equatoria State.

(Source: ProMED-mail 29 September 2013)

 

Ukraine: Rabies

Since the beginning of 2013, 3 human cases of rabies have been recorded in Donetsk, Kharkiv and Kyiv regions of Ukraine.

(Source: ProMED-mail 29 September 2013)

 

Turkey: Measles

In Turkey, 6000 cases of measles were reported in the first 6 months of 2013, compared with 349 recorded in 2012.

(Source: ProMED-mail 29 September 2013)

 

India: Japanese Encephalitis [Update]

Gorakhpur district of Uttar Pradesh of India has been affected by Japanese encephalitis. 271 deaths have been reported in 2013.

(Source: ProMED-mail 29 September 2013)

 

Iran: Cholera

Cholera infection has spread to 10 Provinces in Iran. About 174 people were infected across the country.

(Source: ProMED-mail 28 September 2013)

 

Nigeria: Lassa Fever

In Nigeria, Lassa Fever has spread 23 of the 36 states. In 2013, 17 people died from the disease.

(Source: ProMED-mail 28 September 2013)

 

USA: Plague [Update]

The New Mexico Department of Health in USA confirmed a case of plague in a 52-year-old man from Santa Fe County. This is the third human case of plague in New Mexico in 2013.

(Source: ProMED-mail 27 September 2013)

 

Mexico: Cholera

In Mexico, 3 suspected cases of cholera were reported this week in the municipality of Huejutla in the Huasteca region while 13 persons have been affected throughout the state.


(Source: ProMED-mail 24 September 2013)  

 

Singapore: Chikungunya Fever [Update]

As of 21 September 2013, 704 cases of Chikungunya Fever were reported in Singapore, compared with 9 cases reported in the same period last year.

(Source: ProMED-mail 21 September 2013) 

 

 

Last revision date: 7 October 2013