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Travel Health News(24 March 2015 - 30 March 2015)

Take precautions against dengue fever when travelling abroad

Dengue fever is now endemic in more than 100 countries in Africa, the Americas, the Eastern Mediterranean, Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific. This includes various popular tourist destinations for Hong Kong people including the Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.

Travellers planning to travel in these areas should take precautions against the disease.

Cumulative reported number of dengue cases since 01/01/2015 *

 

Cumulative reported no.
of cases since 01/01/2015

Source of information and date of report

Australia

529

World Health Organization, 24 March 2015

Brazil

224,101

World Health Organization, 23 March 2015

Cambodia

275

World Health Organization, 24 March 2015

Guangdong

Taiwan

16

147

Department of Health of Guangdong Province, 13 March 2015
CDC, ROC (Taiwan), 27 March 2015

India

1,938

Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, India, 28 Februray 2015

Japan

39

National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Japan, 24 March 2015

Lao PDR

96

World Health Organization, 24 March 2015

Malaysia

30,033

World Health Organization, 24 March 2015

Mexico

9,491

World Health Organization, 23 March 2015

Philippines

14,672

World Health Organization, 24 March 2015

Singapore

2,112

Singapore National Environment Agency,26 March 2015

Sri Lanka

11,238

Ministry of Health, Sri Lanka,26 March 2015

Thailand

5,571

Ministry of Public Health, Thailand, 25 March 2015

Vietnam

5,263

World Health Organization, 24 March 2015

Remark:
* Dengue reporting systems vary by country.

Travellers should stay vigilant against dengue fever and adopt the following personal preventive measures against mosquito bite:

* Always wear loose, light-coloured long-sleeved tops and trousers;
* Stay in air-conditioned residence or places with mosquito screens;
* If mosquito screen or air-conditioning is absent, aerosol insecticide and bed nets are advised;
* Use insect repellents containing DEET on exposed skin and clothing;
* Use insect repellents containing DEET apart from applying sunscreen while staying in beaches;
* Re-apply insect repellents according to instructions during the trip;
* Carry a portable bed nets and apply permethrin on it as well as to clothes if travelling to rural areas where dengue fever is prevalent.

Travellers returning from areas where dengue fever is prevalent should seek medical advice as soon as possible if they feel unwell and provide travel details to their doctors.

 

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome [Update]

The Department of Health (DH) is today (March 27) closely monitoring 15 additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), including three deaths, reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), and hence called on the public to stay alert and maintain good personal, food and environmental hygiene during travel.

(Source: The Centre for Health Protection of the Department of Health 27 March 2015)

 

Guinea: Ebola virus disease [Update]

Guinea has reported a cumulative total of 3,459 cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD), including 2,273 deaths.

(Source: World Health Organization 26 March 2015)

 

Sierra Leone: Ebola virus disease [Update]

Sierra Leone has reported a cumulative total of 11,866 cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD), including 3,764 deaths.

(Source: World Health Organization 26 March 2015)

 

Kenya: Anthrax

In Kenya, 2 people have died and 2 were admitted due to anthrax after handling the carcass of a cow infected with the disease.

(Source: ProMED-mail 26 March 2015)

 

Palestinian Authority: Avian Influenza, poultry

An outbreak of high pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza virus infection was reported in West Bank of Palestinian Authority.

(Source: World Organisation for Animal Health 24 March 2015)

 

Mainland: Avian Influenza, human

The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) today (March 25) received notification from the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of a human case of avian influenza A(H5N1) affecting a man aged 17 in Yunnan. According to the information provided by NHFPC, the patient lives in Kunming and has presented with fever and headache on March 13. He attended a local hospital on March 20. The patient is currently hospitalised for treatment in critical condition. His specimen, which was tested by the relevant authority, was positive for avian influenza A(H5N1).

 (Source: The Centre for Health Protection of the Department of Health 25 March 2015)

 

Guinea: Ebola virus disease [Update]

Guinea has reported a cumulative total of 3,429 cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD), including 2,263 deaths.

(Source: World Health Organization 25 March 2015)

 

Liberia: Ebola virus disease [Update]

The total number of Ebola virus disease (EVD) reported in Liberia is 9,602 including 4,301 deaths.

(Source: World Health Organization 25 March 2015)

 

Sierra Leone: Ebola virus disease [Update]

Sierra Leone has reported a cumulative total of 11,841 cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD), including 3,747 deaths.

(Source: World Health Organization 25 March 2015)

 

Worldwide: Influenza

Globally, influenza activity remained elevated in the northern hemisphere with influenza A(H3N2) viruses predominating, although some countries in Asia, Europe and North Africa reported high levels of activity associated with influenza A(H1N1) pdm09 viruses.

(Source: ProMED-mail 24 March 2015)

 

Dominican Republic: Cholera

The ministry of Health of Dominican Republic reported on 16 March 2015 that 147 suspected cases of cholera and 10 deaths due to the disease have been reported so far in 2015.

(Source: ProMED-mail 23 March 2015)

 

Mainland: Avian Influenza, human

The Centre for Health Protection of the Department of Health received notification from the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of a human case of avian influenza A(H5N1) affecting a man aged 34 in Yunnan. According to the information provided by NHFPC, the patient lives in Kunming and had been exposed to poultry. He developed a fever on March 13 and attended a local hospital on March 15. He is currently hospitalised for treatment and is in a serious condition. His specimen, which was tested by the relevant authority, was positive for avian influenza A(H5N1).

 (Source: The Centre for Health Protection of the Department of Health 23 March 2015)

 

Nepal: Rabies

On 19 March 2015, a 55-year-old male has died of rabies in Kathmandu, Nepal. In the last 6 months, 4 other patients have died from rabies and all patients were bitten by rabid dogs.

(Source: ProMED-mail 23 March 2015)

 

Armenia: Brucellosis

According to the Armenia Ministry of Health, there were 17 people infected with brucellosis. All infected people worked in Kapan City livestock slaughterhouse.

(Source: ProMED-mail 23 March 2015)

 

Egypt: Avian Influenza, human

The Ministry of Health Egypt has notified the World Health Organization of an additional 17 human cases of avian influenza A (H5N1).  With these new cases, the total number of avian influenza A (H5N1) cases in Egypt stands at 116, including 36 deaths for the period of 1 January to 17 March 2015.

(Source: World Health Organization 21 March 2015)

 

 

Last revision date: 27 March 2015