Chikungunya Fever

What is Chikungunya Fever?

Chikungunya Fever is an infection caused by Chikungunya virus. It is an acute viral infection characterised by fever, chills and severe joint pain. Muscle pain, headache, rash and fear of bright light may also occur. Symptoms may last from 1 week to several months. The outcome is usually good. The incubation period ranges from 1 to 12 days. Epidemics have occurred in Africa, Asia, Indian Ocean Islands and some European countries.

How does it spread?

Chikungunya virus is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes to human.

How can you prevent it?

There is no vaccine for Chikungunya Fever . Travellers should adopt the following measures to avoid mosquito bites:

  • Wear long-sleeved shirts and trousers;
  • Rest in air-conditioned or well-screened rooms;
  • Use aerosol insecticide indoor and use bednets if sleeping areas are not air-conditioned or screened ;
  • Use insect repellents containing DEET on exposed skin .

How is it treated?

There is no specific treatment for the infection.

[Chikungunya, 2010]

Countries where local cases of Chikungunya Fever have been reported – Benin, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, China, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, France, Gabon, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Italy, Kenya, Laos People's Democratic Republic, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritius, Mayotte, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Reunion, Senegal, Seychelles, Singapore, South Africa, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Uganda, Vietnam and Zimbabwe.



Last revision date: 10 October 2012